Climate change will have profound impacts on our lives in the near future. Already we can see that the rainy seasons are following unexpected patterns, with the onset of the planting and growing seasons changing, and events of floods and prolonged droughts challenging livestock and crop productivity.
Although our climate in Namibia is variable with dry periods and droughts commonly experienced (see more information in section 1), the frame conditions for agriculture are expected to worsen in most areas because of climate change. Impacts on farmers in the Omusati region may be severe, leading to less water availability. As a result, there is a great need to be more flexible and strategic about what to plant and when, and to practise more adaptive livestock management due to strong fluctuations in grazing availability.
It is better to prepare for the predicted changes in climate than to ignore the potential threat. This is called “adaptation” – adapting to climate change – and every person in Namibia and elsewhere in the world will have to do their bit to ensure that we can react to and cope with the various challenges that will come our way.